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Westley
Artist | Student | Photography
United States
"Any new possibility that existence acquires transforms everything about existence." -Kundera

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Part 2 of 3

Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape


“The world is going to pieces and people like Adams and Weston are photographing rocks!”

Henri Cartier-Bresson

It's a very rare moment in art when a single exhibition changes the course of art history and create an entire new way of looking at the world. In 1975 an exhibition at the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York did just that. The show was curated by William Jenkins and displayed around one hundred and sixty-eight mostly black and white photographs in uniform sizes from ten photographers. The exhibition was far from beautiful, and far from accepted. At the time it was shown it's reception was poor. The initial response of viewers was that the photographs were too uniform and cold. However, it was this very exhibition that changed the way we see the landscape, in particular the man made landscape, and it helped to legitimize a new theme in fine art photography, the banal. The exhibition showed the American landscape in the sixty's and seventy's and how urbanization and industrialization were forever changing the landscape in which we live. It was titled the New Topographics.  


 

Robert Adams


Tired of Ansel Adam's almost propagandist landscape photography, this new group of photographers wanted to represent the landscape that they saw. They didn't want to take a political position as Adam's had done, but rather they wanted to simply document the places in which they lived. They took a very neutral stance with their photography. Using primarily the middle ground as the main focal point of the images, whereas Adams used the distant background and foreground to establish grandiosity, this group of artist created stable documentarian photographs. 







 

Lewis Baltz









Frank Gohlke









Stephen Shore


Stephen Shore was the only artist to be included into the show that worked in color. While this made his work stick out, his style of shooting and subject choices fit perfectly with the other artists.








Henry Wessel, Jr.










Bernd and Hilla Becher


The German couple Bernd and Hilla Becher were the only artist that were not from America to be included in the show. They were chosen to be a part of this exhibition for their neutral approach to their subject matter. They would pick an architectural theme, such as water towers, and then travel and photograph every structure they found that fit in with the style and shaper they were looking for. They would use the same composition, similar weather, and time of day to produce an almost anthropological study of the structures that our societies build, what functions they serve, and how they effect our visual landscapes.









Joe Deal












Questions for the Reader:

  1. Do you feel that the artists in this exhibition truly accomplished this neutrality that they sought to create? Or do you see a biased opinion of their landscape coming out of their photographs?
  2. A question that this exhibition brought up was whether or not photographs of the banal should be made and considered fine art? The surrealist believed that if art was not beautiful it should not be made. In your opinion does the work of these photographs hold merit? Do you find their photographs to be more than just neutral banal documents of western American life, are they beautiful in their own unique way?
  3. The New Topographics bring into question what the role of the photographer should entitle. Is the photographer someone who should present a new vision for the world as a place that the photographer would like to see the world become? Such as Adam's camp. Was the job of the photographer to hold up a mirror to society and simply document it in a neutral fashion? Such as in the New Topographics Camp. Or is the photographer meant to change the state of the world and challenge the current paradigms?  The more contemporary approach to landscape photography. We will be looking at this last ideal next month in the third part of this landscape discussion.




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:iconchristinekalliri:
ChristineKalliri 4 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist

~Thank You So Much~

  ...but we are all just passers by. by ChristineKalliri

            ~o0o~
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:iconchristinekalliri:
ChristineKalliri Apr 6, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist

  ~Thank You So Much~

(we're misunderstood when we're hurting) by ChristineKalliri

              ~o0o~
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:iconragnar949:
Ragnar949 Apr 6, 2014  Professional General Artist
many thanks
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:iconpariah87:
Olá :wave:
Thank you for faving.

Have a nice weekend!
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Barnum60 Apr 2, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you for faving! Hi!
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eringraboski Mar 7, 2014  Professional Photographer
thanks so much for your favorite and for watching me!! 
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Samii-Doll Feb 28, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks for the :+fav:
Here, have a llama in return :meow:
Also feel free to check out my facebook page & give it a like if you should feel so inclined
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:iconjustanothersomeone:
justanothersomeone Feb 28, 2014  Student Photographer
Why thank you
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Samii-Doll Mar 1, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
You're welcome :)
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MikeHenry Feb 28, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I always enjoy dropping in view your diverse collection of creations just for their aesthetics, and sometimes I leave feeling even a bit more educated :)  Peace.
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:iconjustanothersomeone:
justanothersomeone Feb 28, 2014  Student Photographer
:bow: Thank you truly :)
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:iconchristinekalliri:
ChristineKalliri Feb 28, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist

Passing by to say ~Hello~

 

 

Hope that everything is great 

there my dear friend. (:

 

 

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:iconjustanothersomeone:
justanothersomeone Feb 28, 2014  Student Photographer
Hello my dear,

Everything is beautiful
I hope that you can say the same

:hug:
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Thank you so much for the +fav ... Handshake 
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